Waste Management is a complex process that involves the collection, treatment and disposal of solid waste. Proper waste management is important because it can reduce the effects of waste on the environment and human health.
What are the steps for managing waste?
Currently, the United States generates 277 million tons of waste annually. The US government has developed a number of methods to deal with this waste.
Solid waste can be broken down into four categories. Hazardous wastes, such as discarded commercial chemical products, are classified according to their toxicity and reactivity. These can seep into the soil and impact plants and animals.
In some countries, incinerators are used to convert solid waste into ash and gas. Incineration can be beneficial because it saves space and reduces stress on landfills. However, it can also generate greenhouse gases.
The development of the first incinerator in England occurred in the late 19th century. At the time, most large cities were still using primitive disposal techniques.
Several countries are rapidly developing without implementing an adequate waste management system. Poor waste management can result in extensive land pollution, air pollution, and diseases.
Proper waste management can contribute to improving the quality of life and civic communities. It can also help to protect the environment from harmful chemicals.
The generation of waste is expected to increase with the economic growth of many nations. In Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, for example, waste generation is projected to double by 2050.
Increasing the economic efficiency of a country can reduce waste generation and lead to more efficient practices in consumption and production. It can also lead to new job opportunities and improved social benefits for communities.